Around the wide Pacific…….
14 June – Iwo Jima, in the Volcano Island group, and Chichi Jima & Haha Jima, in the Bonins, were attacked by US carrier aircraft. Installations were bombed and strafed. The Japanese lost: 39 planes shot down, 25 aircraft destroyed on the ground, 2 freighters sunk and several heavily damaged. The US lost: 8 aircraft, with 3 more downed the following day.
15 June – on Biak Island, New Guinea, US ground forces were not making progress due to cliff-side ambushes. MacArthur sent in Gen. Eichelberger to take over the command.
In Japan, 47 China-based B-29’s bombed Yawata, the nation’s steel center. Not much damage was incurred on the plant although the civilian casualty rate was high. This was the first attack by land-based aircraft on Japan’s mainland.
18 June – the Japanese Ichi-Go offensive captured Changsha…
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